What is Cancer?
Cancer is the name given to a collection of related diseases. In all types of cancer, some of the body’s cells begin to divide without stopping and spread into surrounding tissues.
As cells become more and more abnormal, old or damaged cells survive when they should die, and new cells form when they are not needed.
Types of Cancer:
The American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO) believes that all treatment decisions should be made between patients and their doctors.
Bladder cancer is the sixth most common cancer in the United States. Men are four times more likely to be diagnosed with bladder cancer from the disease than a woman. Bladder cancer is the eighth most common cause of cancer death among men.
Breast cancer is an uncontrolled growth of breast cells. Benign tumors are not considered cancer: the cells are close to normal in appearance, they grow slowly, and they do not invade nearby tissues or spread to other parts of the body. Malignant tumors are cancerous
Early cases can begin as noncancerous polyps. For this reason, doctors recommend screenings for those at high risk or over the age of 50. Common treatments include surgery to remove cancer, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy.
Kidney cancer also called renal cancer is a disease in which kidney cells become malignant and grows this type of kidney cancer is called renal cell carcinoma.
Lung Cancer – Non-Small Cell :
Non-small cell lung cancer is a group of lung cancers that behave similarly, such as squalors cell carcinoma and adenocarcinoma.Symptoms are a cough that won’t go away, shortness of breath, weight loss, or coughing up blood. Treatments include surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation.
Lymphoma – Non-Hodgkin:
The condition occurs when the body produces too many abnormal lymphocytes, a type of white blood cell. Symptoms include swollen lymph nodes, fever, belly pain, or chest pain. Treatments may include chemotherapy, radiation therapy, stem-cell transplant, or medications.
Melanoma occurs when the pigment-producing cells that give color to the skin become cancerous. Treatment may involve surgery, radiation, medications, or in some cases, chemotherapy.
Oral and Orpharyngeal Cancer:
To determine incidence trends of head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC), we analyzed site-specific data .Cancer begins when healthy cells change and grow out of control, forming a mass called a tumor
The pancreas secretes enzymes that aid digestion and hormones that help regulate the metabolism of sugars. Later stages are associated with symptoms, but these can be non-specific, such as lack of appetite and weight loss. Treatment may include surgically removing the pancreas, radiation, and chemotherapy.
The cause of thyroid cancer is poorly understood but may involve a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Some people have no symptoms. Treatments, which are usually successful, include surgery, hormone therapy, radioactive iodine, radiation, and in some cases, chemotherapy.
A man’s prostate produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm.Some types of prostate cancer grow slowly. In some of these cases, monitoring is recommended. Other types are aggressive and require radiation, surgery, hormone therapy, chemotherapy, or other treatments.
Most uterine cancer begins in the layer of cells that form the lining (endometrium) of the uterus. Risk factors include being overweight and starting periods at an early age.Surgery to remove the uterus is the primary treatment for most women with uterine cancer. Advanced cases may need chemotherapy or radiation.