What is HIV?
HIV (Human Immuno Deficiency Virus) is actually, a virus which targets and also alters the immune system of the body. It increases risk and also the effect of various other infections as well as diseases. Most Common HIV Symptoms and Without proper treatment, this infection might progress to an extremely advanced stage of the disease, which is known as AIDS. HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) attacks immune cells, which are known as CD4 cells, and it is a type of T cell.
When HIV targets and also in filters T cells, then the ability of the body to combat various diseases is reduced. This enhances the risk and also the influence of infections. It is a lifelong infection. However, receiving the right course of treatment and effectively managing it will prevent HIV from reaching to a severe stage.
What is AIDS?
It is the most advanced and severe stage of HIV infection. It is only the HIV infection which actually transforms into AIDS and gradually wears down the immune system of the infected person. By the end of the year 2015, nearly 1122000 people were infected from HIV in the whole world. HIV resides in the blood of humans. It spreads through sexual fluids and also breast milk. The HIV infection spreads from one person to another when certain body fluids are being shared most commonly during sexual contact or through the sharing of drugs which are injected. It is also transmitted through the use of dirty needles during tattoo making or body piercing. An infected mother may also pass HIV to her child during birth.
Most Common HIV Symptoms
The person who has infected from this particular syndrome experience a flue for a period of 2 to 6 weeks after infection. After this, the Most Common HIV Symptoms might not be observed for a prolonged period of several of the years. However, during this particular period of time, HIV continues to be active inside the body and results in progressive damage to the immune system of the body.
Few of its Most Common HIV Symptoms include:
- Sore throat
- Rashes on body
- Pain in joints
- Muscular pain
- Swollen glands
The doctor carries out the specific blood test for diagnosing this particular disease. A positive result means that the person has been detected with the HIV antibody within the bloodstream. The blood is retested too before the declaration of confirmed results. This particular virus takes a period of 3 to 6 months for showing up itself in the testing process, and thus retesting is exceptionally crucial for the definitive diagnosis. People who are actually at risk of infection in the last six months can go for an immediate test as well.
HIV AIDS Treatment
The treatment of HIV involves consuming the medicines which slow down the progression of this virus in the patient’s body. Since HIV is a kind of retrovirus, and thus, a combination of drugs are administered under antiretroviral therapy (ART). This is a highly effective therapy which is recommended to the people who are living with this particular virus irrespective of the duration. The ART involves the combination of medicines which are required to be taken each and every day as per the recommendation of the doctor. Although it can’t cure HIV, it helps the patients to live a healthier and longer life. The main goal of this particular therapy is to carry out a reduction in the viral load of a person to an undetectable of the level.
An effective course of treatment means that HIV patients can attain an undetectable of the viral load. This means that the virus will be present in smaller quantities in the blood and doesn’t affect the health. This also results in the minimal risk of transmitting the virus on to the other people as well.
People who are infected with HIV sometimes try dietary supplements that claim to boost the immune system or counteract side effects of anti-HIV drugs like Viraday, Abamune, Lopimune, Synthivan, Tenvir, Instgra and Isentress However, there is no scientific evidence that any nutritional supplement improves immunity, and many may interfere with other medications you are taking.
HIV Myths and facts
- Myth- Can I get HIV by kissing or hugging?
- Fact- not as this infection doesn’t spread through skin contact
- Myth- Can I get HIV by sharing just a glass of water with a person who has HIV?
- Fact – No, This virus is transmitted only through unprotected sex, sharing needles, breastfeeding, or through direct blood to blood contact with the person who is HIV positive.
- Myth-Can I acquire HIV by sharing food with HIV positive person or if an HIV infected person is preparing it?
- Fact- No, HIV doesn’t spread through saliva. Even when the food comprises of a small amount of HIV, it would be destroyed through the heat from cooking and exposure to the air.
- Myth-Can I get HIV from the bite of a mosquito?
- Fact- This is one of the most extended withstanding myths that don’t seem to go away. According to the research studies conducted by the CDC, there is no evidence in support of the contraction of HIV through the mosquito bite. This virus is not able to survive within the mosquito and couldn’t live in its spit
How Do You Prevention HIV AIDS?
Today it is possible to protect yourself from getting an HIV infection. Here are a few precautions:
- Use condoms: Latex condoms are extremely safe and work as a good way to protect yourself from HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases. So make sure to use a condom and practice safe sex.
- Get vaccinated: You can get yourself vaccinated against HPV along with hepatitis B. However; there is no direct vaccine available for the treatment or prevention of HIV.
- Don’t share needles and other infecting tools: When you inject drugs, there is a greater chance you could be exposed to HIV, Hepatitis C, or other viruses which are present in the blood. Thus you should be extremely cautious and never share needles, syringes or different types of injecting equipment like spoons or the swabs.
- Stay away from drug abuse: Alcohol or drug abuse is something which might lead to quite risky behavior patterns and can make you more susceptible to HIV infection.