What is Hepatitis?
The Hepatitis is the inflammation of the organ liver. There are varied types and causes of this particular ailment but the basic Hepatitis symptoms remain more or less the same. It is the hepatitis virus which is actually the most common cause of this disease along with various other infections, drugs, alcohol and also an autoimmune disorder. The function of the liver is to detoxify the blood, store vitamins and produce hormones. The hepatitis virus disrupts all these processes and causes severe health problems all throughout the body. There are five types of viruses which have been identified to cause infection. These are hepatitis viruses A, B, C, D, and E.
Many of the people who experience hepatitis either have mild or no symptoms. But when symptoms of hepatitis start appearing, it happens from fifteen to one eighty days of infection and it is common in all forms of it.
This is an initial phase of it and few of its hepatitis symptoms include:
- Fatigue Loss of appetite
- Mild fever
- Muscle or joint pain
- Pain in the abdomen
- Loss in weight
When this disease progresses, it takes the chronic form that causes the progressive failure of the liver resulting in jaundice
The following symptoms may appear during chronic condition:
- Swollen lower extremities
- Blood in faeces or vomit
- Dark colored urine
- Skin itchiness
- Light color stool
- Yellow skin,
- Whitening of eyes and also the tongue
Types of Hepatitis Viruses
There are five unique types of hepatitis viruses which are already been identified named as A, B, C, D and also E. All these viruses are responsible for causing disease in the liver.
- Hepatitis A virus (HAV)
This type of virus occurs in the feces of the person who is infected and is transmitted quite often through the consumption of contaminated water or food. Certain types of sexual practices also spread this particular virus. In the majority of cases, infections caused are mild where patients recover fully and also remain immune to further infection as well. However, in certain cases, it can be severe and fatal. Safe and highly effective vaccinations are available for preventing HAV.
- Hepatitis B Virus (HBV)
This is the type of virus which actually spreads through the exposure to the infected blood, semen along with various other types of body fluids. It may also get transmitted through transfusion, mothers to infants and use of contaminated syringes.
- Hepatitis C Virus (HCV)
This form of microbes spread through the exposure of the body to the infected blood. It occurs through the transfusion of HCV contaminated blood along with contaminated injections. The transmission through sexual contact is also possible but not very common. There is no vaccine for HCV.
- Hepatitis D Virus (HDV)
This type of infection takes place only in the person who is already being infected with HBV. It leads to the dual infection both by HBV and HDV causing a more serious and worse outcome. The vaccination for HBV provides the protection from HDV also.
- Hepatitis E Virus (HEV)
It is mostly spread through the consumption of contaminated of the water or food. This form of outbreak is most common in developing countries. Safe and also effective vaccination for preventing this disease has already been developed but not available widely.
How to diagnose Hepatitis virus?
The diagnosis of this particular infection relies on symptoms, physical conditions and few of the blood tests conducted for liver enzymes, antibodies for virus along with other genetic material.
There are three distinct types of blood tests which are actually been conducted for the evaluation of individuals who are suffering from hepatitis which includes the tests for the liver enzyme, viral antibodies along with genetic material of the virus.
Treatment for Hepatitis
There are no treatment options for curing hepatitis A apart of the careful monitoring of the functioning of the liver. The Hepatitis B even when it takes the chronic form can actually be treated in a successful manner. Two most commonly utilized drugs for the treatment of Hepatitis B infections are entecavir and tenofovir.
Treatment for chronic Hepatitis B viral infection
Majority of the people who have been diagnosed with this particular virus require treatment for the rest of their lives. The specialized treatment assists in reducing the risk of liver disease and also prevents it from transmitting to others. The treatment procedures for the chronic form of it include:
Few of the medicines which are used for treating this disease include entecavir, tenofovir, lamivudine, adefovir along with the telbivudine. These medications help in fighting against the virus which possesses the high-end ability to damage the liver. These medicines are consumed orally. After careful analysis, the doctor recommends the most appropriate treatment option for the patient.
The interferon injection comprises of the alfa-2b (Intron A) – a man-made version of the naturally occurring substance in the human body which is being utilized for fighting against infections. It is being most commonly used for young people who are suffering from this infection and want to avoid long term treatment process or women who want to become pregnant in future after the completion of the finite course of the specialized treatment process.
When the liver of a person is being severely damaged, the liver transplant is one of the options. During this transplantation process, the surgeon removes the damaged liver and also carries out its replacement with the healthy one. Majority of the transplanted liver comes from the donors who are deceased ones and a small number of it comes from living donors who actually donate a small portion of this organ.
Preventive measures against Hepatitis Virus
There are many of the ways by which you can reduce the risk of getting infected from different forms of hepatitis viruses. Some of the preventive measures are listed below:
- Get yourself vaccinated for Hepatitis A and Hepatitis B
- Use a condom during sex
- Stay away from drugs and never share syringes
- Ensure sterilized needle is used while getting tattooed or body pierced
- Never use personalized items of the infected person
- Practice good hygiene and sanitation practices
Take precautionary measures while traveling to the places with poor sanitation conditions
Latest Treatment for all types of hepatitis using medications to control symptoms of the infection. View full drug information at https://www.genmedicare.com/hepatitis