What you should know about breast cancer
Breast cancer is a form of cancer which originates in the breast cells. After skin cancer, it is one of the most common forms of cancer which has been diagnosed in the US alone. Although it can occur in both men and women but it is more prevalent in women. In fact, one in every eight women is diagnosed with breast cancer in the entire lifetime. However, there is a good chance of recovery if this particular cancer is being diagnosed in the early stage. The symbol of Breast Cancer ribbon is pink. October is a breast cancer awareness month. Now There are many Breast Cancer Treatment Available for Women. There are many types of cancer.
Breast cancer symptoms and signs
Few of the early signs and Breast Cancer symptoms:
- A breast cancer lumps or thickening in the breast which feels quite different from tissues in the surrounding area
- Alternation in the size, shape or form of breast
- Dimpling or any other changes in the breast’s skin
- Observance of inverted nipples
- Rashes on or around nipples
- Scaling, peeling or flakiness in the area of skin surrounding nipples
Causes of breast cancer
After youth, a woman’s breast consists of fat, connective tissue, and thousands of lobules, small organs that produce milk for breastfeeding. Small tubes, or ducts, carry the milk to the nipple.
In cancer, the body’s cells increase uncontrollably. It is an unnecessary cell increase that induces cancer.
Breast cancer begins typically in the internal lining of milk ducts or the lobules that provide them by milk. From there, it can increase to other portions of the body. There is also Breast Cancer Treatment available at Genmedicare.
Types of breast cancer
There are varied breast cancer stages which actually develop in different regions of the breast. It is also possible that some types of breast cancer may spread to various other parts of the body. This occurs most of the times through the bloodstream or axillary lymph nodes, which are small sized lymphatic glands that filter out the bacteria as well as cells from the mammary glands.
A non-invasive breast cancer –Carcinoma in Situ
This form of breast cancer is actually found in the breast ducts and it doesn’t have the capability to grow outside the regions of the breast. In the majority of the cases, it is being found during the mammogram itself and it doesn’t quite often show up as the lump in the breast.
The invasive breast cancer
This type of cancer occurs in the lining of cells of breast ducts and it also called as the invasive ductal breast cancer. It may spread outside the breast as well but this doesn’t necessarily mean that it will surely spread.
Few of the other less common form of breast cancer include:
- Invasive and pre-invasive lobular breast cancer
- Inflammatory breast cancer
- Paget’s breast disease
Breast cancer diagnosis
The doctors perform certain specialized additional tests for determining or diagnosing breast cancer. The physicians may refer the patient to the cancer specialist or surgeon who is an expert in diagnosing this particular form of ailment.
Majority of the breast cancer tests fall in the below-mentioned categories
It is the low dose X-ray of the breast part. It comprises of two of the images of each of the breast. If the region on the mammograph looks unclear and suspicious, additional mammography is required with the different of the views. The annual screening mammography of the women aged over 40 is highly recommended.
This technique is utilized for problem-solving and not just for the screening purpose. When the lump is being found in the breast area of the patient then directed investigation of that particular region will be carried out. The diagnostic mammography is being tailored made on the basis of every individual case and is being carefully monitored by the radiologist.
This involves the utilization of high-frequency sound waves. This technique quite often demonstrates whether the lump in the breast is solid or fluid-filled. This diagnostic technique may also be utilized with the mammography or the MRI for answering the questions about the specific regions of the breast. Since this screening procedure uses the sound waves and not X rays, thus it imparts information which is different and which is complementary to the mammogram.
MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging)
The magnetic resonance imaging process can be utilized for directly looking at the various regions of the breast. Each of the examinations produces hundreds of pictures, cross-sectional in three directions and is later assessed by the radiologist. It also demonstrates the lesions which are not at all visible through the technique of mammography or ultrasound. The breast MRI is non-invasive and non-radioactive technique.
This is one of the common ways to determine whether breast lump or abnormal tissue growth is cancerous or not. During this procedure, the pathologist actually removes a particular portion or entire of the suspicious tissue. Then it is being examined under the microscope by the specialist for determining whether it has the cancerous cells or not.
The first line of treatment for breast cancer is surgery. This procedure involves the removal of the tumour as well as the surrounding tissues which are cancerous. Sometimes the patients are given chemotherapy or the anti-hormone therapy as well before the surgical operation for shrinking the tumour.
The radiation time varies which actually depends upon the type of radiation treatment that the patient is having. This process involves exposing the targeted area of breast to the radiations. The breast is exposed to the radiations most commonly after the breast conserving surgery which assists in lowering the chances of this cancer reoccurring in the areas of breasts or near lymph nodes.
Certain forms of breast cancers possess the receptors which actually feed on the hormones like estrogens or progesterone that actually stimulates the growth. It is called as the hormone receptor-positive cancer. When cancer cells possess the receptors, then there is a requirement of hormone therapy drugs like blockers or inhibitors. The hormone therapy drugs assist in destroying the cancerous cells by cutting the supply of these hormones.
Breast Cancer Treatment
The main goal of Breast Cancer Treatment is to arrest the spread and if possible to remove the cancerous tissues from the body. Here is the best Breast Cancer Treatment medications at Genmedicare.
Immunotherapy (for metastatic breast cancer)
The immunotherapy medications utilize the power of the immune system of the body for attacking the cancerous cells. There are various types of immunotherapy drugs which have been approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration, US) for treating breast cancer. The immune checkpoint inhibitor for treating breast cancer is Tecentriq which is being utilized in the combination of chemotherapy medicine, Abraxane.
Various other targeted immunotherapy medications which are being utilized for breast cancer treatment include:
Precautionary measures for Breast Cancer
The treatment for breast cancer is getting better undeniably but we all know more than ever about the different ways to prevent this particular type of disease. Here are a few simple steps to lower down the risk of breast cancer
Keep your weight in check
Maintaining a healthy weight is extremely crucial for everyone to decrease the risk of many forms of cancer including the breast cancer. The women who involve themselves in some form of physical activity even for 30 minutes a day lowers the risk of breast cancer.
Eat healthy food
Consuming a healthy diet decreases the risk of this particular type of disease. Eat lots of fruits, vegetables and keep the intake of alcohol minimum.
Both smokers, as well as non-smokers, know very well how unhealthy smoking can actually be. Apart from lowering down the quality of life, increasing risk of heart disease, it increases the risk of the body towards 15 forms of cancers including breast cancer.